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Pacha, Llaqta, Wasichay: Indigenous Space, Modern Architecture, New Art
July 13–Sept 30, 2018

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Pacha, Llaqta, Wasichay: Indigenous Space, Modern Architecture, New Art investigates contemporary art practices that preserve and foreground Indigenous American notions of the built environment and natural world. The three words in the exhibition’s title are Quechua, the Indigenous language most spoken in the Americas. Each holds more than one meaning: pacha denotes universe, time, space, nature, or world; llaqta signifies place, country, community, or town; and wasichay means to build or to construct a house. Influenced by the richness of these concepts, the artworks explore the conceptual frameworks inherited from, and also still alive in, Indigenous groups in Mexico and South America that include the Quechua, Aymara, Maya, Aztec, and Taíno, among others. 

The show features the work of seven emerging Latinx artists based in the United States and Puerto Rico: william cordova, Livia Corona Benjamin, Jorge González, Guadalupe Maravilla, Claudia Peña Salinas, Ronny Quevedo, and Clarissa Tossin. Their works investigate the complex relationship that indigenous and vernacular notions of construction, land, space, and cosmology have had in the history of modern and contemporary art and architecture in the Americas.

This exhibition is organized by Marcela Guerrero, assistant curator, with Alana Hernandez, curatorial project assistant.

Pacha, Llaqta, Wasichay: Indigenous Space, Modern Architecture, New Art is part of the Whitney’s emerging artists program, sponsored by

Significant support for this exhibition is also provided by public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council and by the Whitney’s National Committee.

Additional support is provided by AMEXCID with the Mexican Cultural Institute of New York, the Garcia Family Foundation, and an anonymous donor.

Curatorial research and travel were funded by the Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation.


william cordova

(b. 1971, Lima, Peru; lives Miami)
4 circles on paper.



Livia Corona Benjamin

(b. 1975, Ensenada, Mexico; lives New York)
Black and white photograph of a grain silo.



Jorge González

(b. 1981, San Juan, Puerto Rico; lives San Juan)
Room with thatched walls and chairs.



Guadalupe Maravilla (formerly known as Irvin Morazán)

b. 1976, San Salvador, El Salvador; lives Brooklyn)
Ink drawing in color with symbols.



Claudia Peña Salinas

(b. 1975, Montemorelos, Mexico; lives Brooklyn)
Abstract sculpture with yarn and frog.



Ronny Quevedo

(b. 1981, Guayaquil, Ecuador; lives New York)
A black soccer ball as a globe.



Clarissa Tossin

Three women posed in a line in front of a grey building.



Monica Flaherty
Jorge González
Pre- Taíno - Dominican Republic
Soraya Serra-Collazo
Taíno Culture


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Audio Guides

A woman in a leopard suit scaling a wall

“The cultures that these artists are looking towards are not pre-Columbian, in the strict sense of the word, in terms that they're not frozen in time. They're not dead cultures, they're still very much alive.”
—Marcela Guerrero, assistant curator

Hear from the exhibition’s artists and curator about selected works from the exhibition.


Each artist featured in this exhibition has chosen several songs that inspire them and their artistic practice. As a whole, the playlist is demonstrative of the richness and diverse cultural backgrounds that each of the seven Latinx artists bring forth.

Installation Photography

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In the News

“As indicated by its Quechuan title, to describe the world and its structures in both nuanced yet manifold ways is, in turn, the central premise of this exhibition.”




A 30-second online art project:
LaTurbo Avedon, Morning Mirror / Evening Mirror

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