Edward Hopper’s New York

Oct 19, 2022–Mar 5, 2023

The Whitney is the largest repository of Edward Hopper’s artwork in the world and we always have works by Hopper on view. See them on Floor 7 or browse the Hopper collection online

For Edward Hopper, New York was a city that existed in the mind as well as on the map, a place that took shape through lived experience, memory, and the collective imagination. It was, he reflected late in life, “the American city that I know best and like most.”

The city of New York was Hopper’s home for nearly six decades (1908–67), a period that spans his entire mature career. Hopper’s New York was not an exacting portrait of the twentieth-century metropolis. During his lifetime, the city underwent tremendous development—skyscrapers reached record-breaking heights, construction sites roared across the five boroughs, and an increasingly diverse population boomed—yet his depictions of New York remained human-scale and largely unpopulated. Eschewing the city’s iconic skyline and picturesque landmarks, such as the Brooklyn Bridge and the Empire State Building, Hopper instead turned his attention to its unsung utilitarian structures and out-of-the-way corners, drawn to the awkward collisions of new and old, civic and residential, public and private that captured the paradoxes of the changing city. Edward Hopper’s New York charts the artist’s enduring fascination with the city, revealing a vision of New York that is as much a manifestation of Hopper himself as it is a record of the city around him.

Edward Hopper’s New York takes a comprehensive look at Hopper’s life and work, from his early impressions of New York in sketches, prints, and illustrations, to his late paintings, in which the city served as a backdrop for his evocative distillations of urban experience. Drawing from the Whitney’s extensive holdings and amplified by key loans, the exhibition brings together many of Hopper’s iconic city pictures as well as several lesser-known yet critically important examples. The presentation is significantly informed by a variety of materials from the Museum’s recently acquired Sanborn Hopper Archive—printed ephemera, correspondence, photographs, and journals that together inspire new insights into Hopper’s life in the city. By exploring the artist’s work through the lens of New York, the exhibition offers a fresh take on this formidable figure and considers the city itself as a lead actor.

This exhibition is organized by Kim Conaty, Steven and Ann Ames Curator of Drawings and Prints, with Melinda Lang, Senior Curatorial Assistant.

Edward Hopper's New York is sponsored by

This exhibition is also sponsored by

Generous support is provided by Judy Hart Angelo, Kenneth C. Griffin, and the Terra Foundation for American Art. 

Major support is provided by the Barbara Haskell American Fellows Legacy Fund; David Bolger; The Brown Foundation, Inc., of Houston; the David Geffen Foundation; and Laurie M. Tisch. 

Significant support is provided by Elizabeth Marsteller Gordon. 

Additional support is provided by Ann Ames, Jane Carroll, Elissa and Edgar Cullman, the Daniel W. Dietrich II Foundation, and Arlene and Robert Kogod. 

This exhibition is supported by an indemnity from the Federal Council on the Arts and the Humanities.

New York magazine is the exclusive media sponsor.

En Español

Para Edward Hopper, Nueva York era una ciudad que existía en su mente a la vez que en el mapa, un lugar que tomó forma a través de la experiencia, la memoria y el imaginario colectivo. En sus últimos años indicó, “es la ciudad americana que mejor conozco y que más me gusta”. 

Nacido en 1882 en el pueblo de Nyack a orillas del río Hudson, en el estado de Nueva York, Hopper conoció Manhattan durante visitas familiares. Luego de terminar sus estudios medios superiores, iba regularmente a la ciudad en ferry para asistir a clases de arte y a donde eventualmente se mudó en 1908. Desde 1913 hasta su muerte en 1967, vivió y trabajó en un apartamento en Washington Square Park, donde pasó de ser un prometedor ilustrador independiente a uno de los artistas más célebres del país.

A lo largo de su carrera, en frecuentes caminatas por el vecindario y viajes en trenes elevados, Hopper observó asiduamente la ciudad, perfeccionando su comprensión del entorno de sus construcciones y las particularidades de la experiencia urbana moderna. El Nueva York de Hopper, sin embargo, no era un retrato exacto de una metrópolis del siglo veinte. En el transcurso de su vida, la ciudad experimentó enormes cambios, los rascacielos alcanzaron alturas que rompieron todos los records, las construcciones se multiplicaron en los cinco distritos y aumentaron exponencialmente su población cada vez más diversa; su representación de Nueva York seguía siendo a escala humana y mayormente despoblada. Hopper dejó de lado el icónico skyline de la ciudad y sus pintorescos sitios de referencia como el puente de Brooklyn y el Empire State Building, en su lugar volcó su atención hacia lugares poco conocidos e incluso ignorados y pequeños espacios fuera de los trayectos más frecuentados; atraído por el choque incómodo de lo viejo y lo nuevo, lo cívico y residencial, lo público y privado que capturaban las paradojas de una ciudad cambiante. El Nueva York de Edward Hopper traza la permanente fascinación del artista por la ciudad, revelando una visión de Nueva York que es una manifestación tanto del propio Hopper como un registro de la ciudad que lo rodea.

The Window


Hopper spent hours strolling New York’s sidewalks, riding its elevated trains, patronizing its eating establishments, and attending the theater, always on the lookout for new subjects. He was particularly drawn to the fluid boundaries between public and private space in a city where all aspects of everyday life—from goods in a storefront display to unguarded moments in a café—are equally exposed. The window became one of Hopper’s most enduring symbols, and he exploited its potential to depict the exterior and interior of a building simultaneously, a viewing experience he described as a “common visual sensation.”

Hopper’s interiors suggest the vulnerability of private life in the densely populated metropolis. In Night Windows (1928) and Room in New York (1932), for example, he captures the experience of the city after nightfall as illuminated spaces became a sort of urban theater for passersby. For Hopper, New York’s windowed facades served as dynamic structuring devices that he employed in compositions throughout his career.

Edward Hopper, Night Windows, 1928


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A photograph of Edward Hopper standing by a window and chest of drawers.

Approaching a City: Hopper and New York

Kim Conaty, Steven and Ann Ames Curator of Drawings and Prints

Read essay

Audio guides

Hear directly from artists and curators on selected works from the exhibition.

View guide

City Sites

Explore Edward Hoppers New York then and now. See the sites he painted as they look today. 

Go to map

And join us as we follow Hopper's footsteps through New York on Instagram. #HopperWasHere

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Explore works from this exhibition
in the Whitney's collection

View 180 works

In the News

“…this is Hopper’s New York, emphasis on the possessive, and for all its crowd-pleasing fare this is a more challenging show about his dominion over the city.” —New York Times

“Curated with great intelligence and care by Kim Conaty, “Edward Hopper’s New York” is a terrific show based on a great idea, and it’s weird that no one thought to approach his work in this way before.” —The New Yorker

“But as a startling and immaculate show at the Whitney Museum of American Art makes clear, some of Hopper’s most gothic allegories of disconnection and loneliness were set in the perpetually raucous metropolis.” —Financial Times

“…a celebration of the city and the master who co-exist and reveal the immortality of New York.” —Forbes

“The show succeeds at revealing a different side of Hopper, eschewing many of the artist’s most famous paintings in favor of ones that cultivate a sense of him as a New Yorker and an artistic innovator.” —The Guardian

“…the artist shows us urban dreamers but keeps their thoughts private.” —Wall Street Journal

“…the diverse selection of works encourages us to do away with clichés and consider that Hopper’s vision of the city was as varied and complex as the man himself.” —The Art Newspaper

“…captures a lifelong love that shifted with the city itself, sometimes uncomfortably, but never grew stale.” —The Boston Globe

“…a dynamic mix of artworks and archival materials that tell the story of Hopper’s life and work in New York City…” —Artnet

“It’s a chance to see how one New Yorker saw our city evolve over almost six decades.” —NY1

“One of the joys of this Whitney show is the many preparatory sketches on display.” —The Village Voice

“...the first exhibition to take an in-depth look at the painter’s relationship with New York City, where he lived for six decades.” —PIX11

“Edward Hopper's New York features about 200 works that capture a changing and changeless city, and illuminate the inner lives of city dwellers.” —CBS Sunday Morning

“...the Hopper exhibition is perfectly on brand: an invitation to New Yorkers, past, present and future, to navel-gaze and ponder the enigma of why the greatest city in the world is both the cause and cure of loneliness.” —The Washington Post

“…Hopper’s strongest works are invigorated by tension between an apparent naturalism and lucid structure and an implied, enigmatic—rather than overt—narrative..” —The Wall Street Journal 

“What Hopper discovered was that when the people are gone, the buildings come to life.” —New York Review of Books

“Stillness at the threshold of movement is a crucial feature in the illusionistic dramaturgy of Hopper’s work.” —Artforum

“Rarely does a museum so effectively recalibrate the public’s understanding of a non-living artist.” —The Art Newspaper


Access additional Edward and Josephine Hopper resources.