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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Genocide

The deliberate killing of a group of people. The victims of genocide usually live in a place where they are the minority population.

Geometric

Relating to shapes that follow the laws of geometry such as squares, triangles, and circles.

Geometric shapes

Shapes used in math such as squares, rectangles, triangles, and circles.

Gesso

A mixture of glue and plaster of Paris (also called gypsum) used to prepare the surface of a wood panel or canvas before painting.

Gesture

The use of movement to express a thought or an emotion.

Gold leaf

Gold leaf

Gold that has been made into very thin sheets. It is often used for decoration and on the surface of gold frames.

Good Friday

Good Friday is the Friday before Easter. It is a holiday observed mostly by Christians to remember the crucifixion of Jesus and his death.

Gothic

A style of art and architecture that began in France in the 1100s. Often used for churches and cathedrals, Gothic architecture, is known for its pointed arches, vaulted ceilings, and windows that allowed a lot of light to enter the space. 

Gouache

Gouache

A water-based paint often used for illustration. These paints are made by adding chalk to pigments to make them opaque. The use of gouache goes back to medieval manuscript illumination and miniature painting during the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries.

Graffiti

Graffiti

The practice of writing or drawing in public spaces, including on walls, sidewalks, billboards, and subways.

Graphics

Images that are created through illustration or commercial design. Graphics are often printed in a publication, such as a book, newspaper, or magazine.

Graphite

Graphite

A carbon material similar to a pencil and used for drawing.

Great Depression

The stock market crashed in 1929, sending the United States into a period of economic hardship that continued through the 1930s. Unemployment was high and many businesses failed. More info

Grid

Grid

A network of evenly-spaced lines or shapes. For example, tiles on a floor or squares in a math book.

Ground

A material used to prepare or prime a surface for painting. A mixture of glue and plaster of Paris called gesso is often used as a ground for canvas, board or panel.