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Sculpture, painting, installations, and photography—as well as dance, theater, music, and film—will fill the galleries of the Whitney Museum of American Art in the latest edition of the Whitney Biennial. With a roster of artists at all points in their careers the Biennial provides a look at the current state of contemporary art in America. This is the seventy-sixth in the ongoing series of Biennials and Annuals presented by the Whitney since 1932, two years after the Museum was founded.
The 2012 Biennial takes over most of the Whitney from March 1 through May 27, with portions of the exhibition and some programs continuing through June 10. The participating artists were selected by Elisabeth Sussman, Curator/Sondra Gilman Curator of Photography at the Whitney, and Jay Sanders, a freelance curator and writer who has spent the past ten years working both in the gallery world and on independent curatorial projects. Sussman and Sanders co-curated the Biennial’s film program with Thomas Beard and Ed Halter, the co-founders of Light Industry, a venue for film and electronic art in Brooklyn.
For the exhibition, the Whitney’s fourth-floor Emily Fisher Landau Galleries are being used as a dynamic, 6,000-square-foot performance space for music, dance, theater, and other events. This is the first Biennial in which nearly a full floor of the Museum has been given over to a changing season of performances, events, and residencies.On View by Floor
The breakdown of boundaries between art forms is everywhere in evidence. Lutz Bacher’s work involves an installation with a video projection and thousands of baseballs, framed pages from The Celestial Handbook, and a musical instrument made using a Yamaha organ and pipes. Collaborators Gisèle Vienne, Dennis Cooper, Stephen O’Malley, and Peter Rehberg are installing Vienne’s animatronic puppet of a young boy that recites a dialogue written by Cooper. German-born artist Kai Althoff is creating an installation, as well as performing in a play by Yair Oelbaum that will be presented during the third week of May. Moyra Davey’s work includes a film and two series of photographs sent in the mail, complete with postage stamps and tape. Los Angeles-based performer/filmmaker Wu Tsang will screen the film WILDNESS (2012), documenting the convergence of two disparate cultures at an LA bar that serves as a social space for transgender Latinas, as well as creating an installation on the fourth floor that functions as a green room.
In addition to a series of photographs and sculptures, the New York-based artist K8 Hardy, whose work crosses many lines from film and photography to fashion (she created FashionFashion zine and co-founded the queer feminist art collective LTTR), will present a full-fledged fashion runway show on Sunday, May 20. In residence in the Museum’s galleries from April 25 to 29, Richard Maxwell, the artistic director of New York City Players, will conduct open rehearsals toward a new play; Maxwell is currently collaborating with the Wooster Group on a compendium of early works by Eugene O'Neill at St. Ann’s Warehouse.
Forrest Bess (1911-1977) was a painter/fisherman who exhibited his work in New York yet lived in poverty and isolation off the Gulf Coast of Texas. Bess developed elaborate theories about the uniting of the male and the female within his own body, and performed operations on his own genitals that turned him into a pseudo-hermaphrodite. In his lifetime, Bess wanted to exhibit his medical theories alongside his paintings, but his longtime dealer, Betty Parsons, always politely declined. For the Biennial, sculptor Robert Gober, working from Bess's letters, curates a room of paintings and archival materials that realizes Bess's wish. Gober recently curated the Charles Burchfield retrospective at the Whitney in 2010.
The young Detroit-based artist Kate Levant, who hosted a blood drive at Zach Feuer Gallery in 2009 and 2010, will be hanging a sculpture made of found and reworked materials, while Sam Lewitt, a graduate of the Whitney Independent Study Program, is doing a piece that involves magnetic liquid (ferrofluid) on the gallery floor. Nick Mauss is creating an installation where visitors enter a three-walled space covered in velvet tapestry, inspired by the antechamber designed for Guerlain by artist/stage designer/fashion illustrator/cultural force Christian Bérard; also on view will be a selection of works chosen by Mauss from the Whitney’s collection.
Werner Herzog looks back in time at the etchings of the Dutch landscape painter and printmaker Hercules Segers (c.1589-c.1638) in a multi-media installation that includes projections of Segers’s work and music by Ernst Reijeseger, who has also composed music for Herzog’s films; excerpts are included from Herzog’s own Ode to the Dawn of Man (2011), a film about the making of the music for his Cave of Forgotten Dreams (2011), winner of this year’s award for Best Documentary from the New York Film Critics Circle. Lucy Raven will present a media work in the galleries along with a player piano that will play at certain times.
The choreographer Sarah Michelson has had work commissioned by BAM, PS 122, Walker Art Center, and the Lyon Opera Ballet, and was Associate Curator of Dance at The Kitchen. Michelson’s Biennial project—a site-specific work, commissioned by the Whitney, that has been conceived in direct response to the Whitney’s Breuer building—involves live activation and scheduled performances as part of a daily residency at the Museum from March 1 to 11.
British choreographer/dancer Michael Clark, known for his legendary collaborations with Body Map, Leigh Bowery, The Fall, Wire, and Sarah Lucas, among others, inaugurated his first US-based venture, Modern Dance Club, in late 2011. Under Clark's artistic direction, Modern Dance Club's first commission will be a four-week residency at the Biennial with associated performances by the Michael Clark Company. Composed specifically for the Whitney, Clark’s work, which mixes professional and non-professional dancers, will be seen in open rehearsals (March 14-25) and performances (March 29-April 8) as part of a daily residency during Museum hours. The scheduled performances by Clark and Michelson are free with Museum admission, but special entry tickets are required. Advance purchase via whitney.org, beginning February 10, is strongly suggested.
From May 9 to 13, a series of concerts will be presented by soprano Alicia Hall Moran (currently understudying Audra McDonald in the Broadway production of Porgy and Bess) and jazz pianist Jason Moran. The couple—who have collaborated with artists Kara Walker, Glenn Ligon, Joan Jonas, Simone Leigh, and Liz Magic Laser—will give performances with a number of guests whom they have invited to participate. The Biennial will also include an ongoing performance installation by artist and political activist Georgia Sagri. The experimental rock band The Red Krayola, founded in Texas in 1966, will present a concert and premiere an opera written in collaboration with the British conceptual art group Art & Language; they will also have an ongoing installation that includes a virtual portal offering archival audio and video material as well as two-way direct communication with the band. Performance artist/musician Dawn Kasper will take up residency at the Museum throughout the run of the Biennial, moving her studio into the third-floor galleries and using the space to conduct her work-life as usual.
Film is a vital presence in the show. Most of the filmmakers will receive week-long runs of their work in the second-floor Kaufman Astoria Studios Film & Video Gallery. Conversations between filmmakers and film critics, writers, and the film program’s co-curators Thomas Beard and Ed Halter will take place most Sunday afternoons at 4 pm.
Beard and Halter remarked: “Since the 1970s, the Whitney Biennial has been one of the very few major events where new developments in film and video can be seen alongside those in contemporary art. Working with Elisabeth and Jay, we endeavored to bring together important works from the whole range of cinema as it exists in America today, from experimental film to documentary to feature filmmaking, as a means of expanding the dialogue between cinema, visual art, and performance.”
Two films by Thom Andersen, Los Angeles Plays Itself (2003) and Get Out of the Car (2010), will be screened: the first is a nearly three-hour compilation of footage meditating on the history of Los Angeles’s portrayal of itself in cinema; the second looks at the contemporary city from its streets in footage shot by Andersen. Charles Atlas, who has worked in video, film, performance, and installation, will screen a film, Ocean, which documents a Merce Cunningham Dance Company performance in a Minnesota granite quarry, followed by a week-long installation of music and live video performance in mid-April. Atlas is also contributing to Michael Clark’s Biennial dance project and collaborating with composer William Basinski on a number of performances.
Detroit-born artist/curator/critic Mike Kelley is represented in the Biennial with three films relating to his public art project Mobile Homestead, which comments on Detroit’s social history. Kevin Jerome Everson, whose films on African-American life in the American heartland were shown in a solo exhibition at the Whitney in 2011, is represented with Quality Control, a film about the daily rhythms of work at a dry cleaning establishment in Alabama. Jerome Hiler’s technique in creating Words of Mercury (2011) involved shooting elaborate superimpositions in camera; the silent 25-minute film, which takes its title from the end of Love’s Labour’s Lost, was shown at the 2011 NY Film Festival in the Views from the Avant-Garde section. Nathaniel Dorsky will show three films—Compline (2010), Aubade (2010), and The Return (2011)—in a rotating film program; The Return was selected by Times critic Manohla Dargis as one of the best films of 2011.
The late George Kuchar (1942-2011), one of America’s leading underground filmmakers and the subject of a recent survey at MoMA PS1, is represented by a generous selection from his Weather Diaries series. Laura Poitras, the documentarian whose My Country, My Country (2006) was nominated for an Academy Award, an Emmy, and an Independent Spirit Award, is presenting The Oath (2010), the second film in her trilogy about America after 9/11. Working between documentary and narrative realism, filmmaker Matt Porterfield will show his second feature, Putty Hill (2011), conceived and shot in twelve days, a portrait of a close-knit working-class community on the outskirts of Baltimore. Michael Robinson’s work melds original and pop culture sources, blending film and video to create lyrical narratives that are both opulent and restrained.
Other filmmakers in the exhibition include the dean of documentary practitioners, Frederick Wiseman, with Boxing Gym (2010); the experimental filmmaker Luther Price, who paints directly on found footage and is also represented with his slides in the galleries; the Spanish-born experimental filmmaker Laida Lertxundi; and award-winning indie filmmaker Kelly Reichardt, whose Oregon trilogy (2006-10) includes Old Joy, Wendy and Lucy, and Meek’s Cutoff, which will be screened consecutively for a week.
Included in the Biennial is a wide range of work by artists using traditional techniques such as painting, sculpture, and photography. Matt Hoyt, whose work was recently exhibited at Bureau, will show small groups of sculptures that look like found objects but are actually painstakingly handcrafted, arranged on wooden shelves. Vincent Fecteau will show a new series of small painted abstract sculptures. Jutta Koether, a painter who is also a writer, performing artist, musician, and critic, will hang four of her paintings on glass walls. Numerous colorful paintings by Andrew Masullo will be exhibited. Nicole Eisenman will present three recent paintings and a series of monotypes, a new body of work that is focused on portraiture.
Mixed media installations will be done by Tom Thayer and Michael E. Smith, an emerging Detroit-based artist who frequently uses everyday and industrial materials that are drastically transformed, and Oscar Tuazon will show a large sculpture that becomes a runway for K8 Hardy’s fashion show. Elaine Reichek will show hand-embroidered and digitally-embroidered linen and a tapestry. Vincent Gallo will present Promises Written on Water. Artists working with the written word include John Kelsey and Andrea Fraser, whose catalogue essay, along with another essay, will be available for download from the Whitney website.
LaToya Ruby Frazier will show works from her portfolio Campaign for Braddock Hospital (Save Our Community Hospital) as well as works from two other series of photographs, Landscape of the Body and Homebody. Cameron Crawford is presenting mixed-media sculptures and a semi-transparent “invisible” curtain made of monofilament. Richard Hawkins will show two paintings and a collage series inspired by the work of Tatsumi Hijikata, the Japanese performer and choreographer known as the creator of butoh. Joanna Malinowska’s work includes a video, a sculpture, and a painting by jailed Native American Leonard Peltier. Conceptual artist John Knight is creating a work in situ in the Museum’s Sculpture Court. Liz Deschenes will show two groups of large photograms that address the architecture of the Whitney’s Breuer building.
In addition to the artists, the 2012 Biennial will present special curatorial collaborations with two other arts organizations:
Arika, a UK-based group that organizes festivals of experimental music, moving image, and sound is presenting their first North American program, A survey is a process of listening, as part of the 2012 Biennial. The collaboration takes the form of a week of performances, workshops, and conversations from May 2 to 6 that will capture interesting threads in North American listening, including contemporary poetry, noise, music, and intellectual discourse. Visit arika.org.uk or whitney.org for more information.
Artists Space Books and Talks
As a curatorial programming partner of 2012 Biennial, Artists Space Books and Talks in Tribeca, at 55 Walker Street, will be the site of a weekly program on Monday and Tuesday evenings, curated by Artists Space, focusing on key concerns in the work of the exhibiting artists, as well as in the Biennial as a whole. For more information, visit artistsspace.org.
The fourth floor performance events involve the artistic collaboration of Bentley Meeker.